Health News Update – Caused by a bacterium that can infect the genitals, rectum and throat, the sexually transmitted disease would have turned to a strange antibiotic-resistant form.
The World Health Organization (WHO) warned that unprotected oral sex is helping to create a new type of gonorrhea that is increasingly difficult to treat: “Even impossible.”
“Every time we use a new type of antibiotic to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist. It is responsible for a particularly ‘smart’ gonorrhea, “Dr. Theodora Wi said in a WHO statement stressing the need to develop new drugs that are more powerful.
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoea, which can infect the genitals, rectum and throat, the latter being the most serious to treat: “When you use antibiotics for a typical infection in the throat, these are mixed with the bacteria, This is grouped and results in the development of resistance, which could generate a kind of ‘super gonorrhea’, “he said, while stressing that” complications affect women more.” And as they warned from the body, unprotected oral sex would be contributing to its spread.
About 78 million people are infected with gonorrhea worldwide each year. This disease, whose symptoms are sometimes difficult to identify, can cause infertility and facilitate the spread of the HIV / AIDS virus.
Three cases “completely intractable”
Dr. Wi said there were already three cases in which the infection is totally intractable: one was in Japan, one in France and one in Spain.
But evidence of resistance is more widespread, according to the analysis the organization did in 77 countries.
Experts fear that the three intractable cases identified are just the tip of the iceberg, because most gonorrhea infections are spread in poorer countries where cases are more difficult to detect.
For worse, it is sometimes difficult to identify
Gonorrhea is spread through vaginal, oral or anal sex without protection. Some of the frequent symptoms are a thick genital discharge of green or yellow color, pain when urinating and bleeding between the periods, in the case of the women.
However, it is estimated that one in 10 heterosexual men infected and three quarters of infected women do not have easily recognizable symptoms.
An untreated gonorrhea infection can cause infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. You can also get the baby during pregnancy.
WHO urged countries to monitor the spread of drug-resistant gonorrhea and to invest in new treatments.
“Right now there are only three candidate drugs in development, and there is no guarantee that they will work,” said Dr. Manica Balasegaram of the Global Society for Antibiotic Research and Development.